Acute sinusitis is a short-term condition that often responds well to antibiotics and decongestants.

Allergic Rhinitis occurs when allergens like pollen, dust mites or pet dander cause the nasal cavity to overreact. It mimics the symptoms of a common cold including nasal congestion, a clear runny nose, sneezing, nose and eye itching, tearing eyes, and often a cough due to post-nasal drip of clear mucus.

Balloon Sinuplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used by ENT surgeons to open sinus passages and help relieve the pain and pressure associated with chronic sinusitis. Sinuses are opened the same way that doctors open up blocked arteries during balloon angioplasty. Doctors thread a guide wire and a tiny balloon into the nose and up to the area of blockage. They then inflate the balloon just enough to open the passageway. Afterwards, the inflamed sinus may be irrigated, flushing out sinus contents like pus and mucus.

Caldwell Luc operation involves the creation of a new drainage pathway between the maxillary sinus and the nose. Surgeons typically perform the operation when previous sinus surgeries have not restored proper sinus drainage.

Chronic sinusitis is characterized by sinusitis symptoms that last longer than 12 weeks. Possible treatment options include either medication or surgery.

Chronic sinusitis treatment aims to relieve sinusitis symptoms that last for 12 weeks or longer. Typically, doctors begin with medical treatment (including antibiotics), and may consider sinus surgery, including Balloon Sinuplasty, after other treatments have failed.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery is sinus surgery in which surgeons use a lighted instrument called an endoscope to view inside the nose. Both Balloon Sinuplasty and FESS are forms of endoscopic sinus surgery.

ENT doctor (Ear, Nose and Throat doctor) see definition of otolaryngologist.

Ethmoid sinus is a collection of air cells within the ethmoid bone, a spongy bone which makes up the front of the floor of the skull and the roof of the nose.

Frontal sinus is the pocket of air cells in the forehead.

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a form of sinus surgery in which the surgeons modify the sinus openings with the aim of clearing blocked sinuses.

Maxillary sinus is the largest of the sinuses, and is found in the cheekbones.

Mucous membrane is the lining of certain organs such as the nose, mouth and throat that produces thick, slippery fluid called mucus. Normally, the sinuses are empty except for a thin layer of mucus, but infection, allergy, or other environmental triggers can increase mucus production.

An otolaryngologist (ENT doctor) provides the medical and surgical diagnosis, treatment, and management of hearing, balance, communication, and other disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.

Over-the-counter (OTC) sinusitis medication includes saline rinses (such as neti pots) that use a saline solution to rinse out nasal passages, and decongestants (drugs that decrease nasal congestion by causing constriction of blood vessels and reduced blood flow to nasal passages).

Pediatric sinusitis is the condition of sinusitis in children. Since respiratory infections are more frequent in children, pediatric sinusitis can be difficult to diagnose.

Sinus headache is a headache due to pressure changes in the sinus cavities, with symptoms including pain, pressure over the cheeks, brow, and forehead.

Sinus infection is an inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages causing symptoms like headache and pressure. It is synonymous with the term sinusitis.

Sinus lining is covered by tiny hair-like structures called cilia that help move mucus out of the sinuses. Inflammation of the sinus lining may inhibit this movement and can cause mucus to build up in the sinuses.

Sinus ostium/ Sinus ostia are the small openings in bone where air enters into the sinus. If an ostium is blocked, air cannot pass into the sinus and mucus cannot drain out.

Sinus pressure is pain in the face or head due to inflammation of the sinus lining and buildup of mucus and pus in the sinuses.

Sinus surgery is a procedure that a surgeon performs on the sinuses in an operating room or doctor’s office. It is sometimes used by ENT doctors to treat chronic sinusitis.

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the membranes lining the sinuses. If the sinus opening becomes blocked, normal mucus drainage may not occur, and this may lead to recurrent sinus infections and painful symptoms. Sinusitis can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (long-term).

Sinusitis antibiotics are used to treat sinus infections caused by bacteria or other microorganisms.

Sinusitis symptoms can include: facial pain, tenderness and swelling around the eyes, cheeks, nose and forehead, sinus pressure or congestion, difficulty breathing through the nose, loss of the sense of smell or taste, sinus headache, yellow or green mucus from the nose, teeth pain, fatigue, sore throat from nasal discharge, and bad breath.

Sinusitis treatment aims to reduce swelling in the nasal passages and relieve the symptoms associated with sinusitis. It can include: natural therapies (such as inhalation of steam), over-the-counter medications, nasal steroids, antibiotics, or surgery.

Sphenoid sinus is the pocket of air cells in bones behind the nasal cavity.


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